Early Historic Period Archaeology


The Early Historic Period refers to the period between about 1600 and 1700 C.E., when many Virginia Indians came into contact with European colonists.  In terms of material culture, this period was largely an extension of the Late Woodland period for Virginia Indian village communities, and people continued to produce and use objects and tools made from bone, stone, animal hide, shell, and wood. Some of these items were traded to colonists in exchange for European materials like copper, iron, and glass. These objects became part of Virginia Indian lifestyles and are found at many village archaeological sites from this time period.