Browse Items tagged "crafts" (77 total)

These ground stone axes and celts were found at a site in Henry County in the southern Piedmont. Ground stone tool production involved pecking and grinding the stone down to shape instead of chipping the stone away. Ground stone tools were often…

These chipped stone axes date to the Middle to Late Woodland period. They were found on a site in Henrico County in the eastern Piedmont. The axes would have been hafted to wooden handles, which decomposed over time. Archaeologists can use…

This multi-purpose stone tool could have been a scraper, spokeshave (a woodworking tool), or a graving spur (a hideworking and generalized cutting tool). It was found at a Middle to Late Woodland site in Orange County in the northern Piedmont…

These bone tools were recovered from a Late Woodland site in Halifax County in the southern Piedmont. The sharp short objects at the right are projectile points made of deer phalanges. Bone projectile points were more lightweight and durable than…

These bone tools were found at a Late Woodland site in Halifax County in the southern Piedmont. To the left are four awls made from turkey, deer, and waterfowl bones. These sharp tools were used to punctuate and incise clay, to pierce deer hide,…

These bone tools were found at a Late Woodland site in Halifax County in the southern Piedmont. The second object from the right is an antler projectile point. Bone projectile points were more lightweight and durable than stone points. The other…

These bone awls were found at a Late Woodland site in Halifax County in the southern Piedmont. These sharp tools were used to punctuate and incise clay, to pierce deer hide, and to perforate other materials. They were produced from deer, bird, and…

Awls are one of the most common bone tool types found at Late Woodland sites where the soil allows the preservation of bone. Awls are tapered, sharp pointed tools that were used to pierce and perforate hides and other materials. They also may have…

These artifacts were found at a Late Woodland site in Henry County in the southern Piedmont. They include a deer ulna (arm bone) awl (used for piercing, perforating, or incising hide or other material), other long bone tools, animal incisor teeth…

Bone tools are common Middle to Late Woodland finds at sites where the soil is not too acidic for bone to decay. Bone awls like this one from a site in King George County on the northern Coastal Plain were used to pierce holes for hideworking,…