Browse Items tagged "archaeology" (204 total)

These clay pipe bowl fragments were found at a site in Halifax County in the southern Piedmont. Some in the top row feature elaborate incised geometric decorations. The punctuated rows are so uniform as to suggest that they were made by rolling a…

These Early Historic period artifacts were found at a site in Westmoreland County on the northern Coastal Plain. They include locally produced Chesapeake Pipe bowls with rouletted animal figure designs, European glazed ceramic sherds, a net sinker,…

These miscellaneous artifacts were found at an Early Historic period site in Caroline County on the Coastal Plain. They include pipes, a stone projectile point, and a shark tooth projectile point produced by Virginia Indians, as well as iron and…

These artifacts were found at an Early Historic site in Tazewell County, southwestern Virginia. They include a ground stone tool, bone tools, a stone discoidal or gaming piece, and metal of European origin. Virginia Indians manufactured and used…

These miscellaneous artifacts were found at an Early Historic period site in Caroline County, southwestern Virginia. They include ceramic sherds and pipe fragments produced by Virginia Indians, and iron trade goods obtained from colonists. Exchange…

These artifacts were found at an Early Historic period site in Halifax County in the southern Piedmont. Most are stone pendants that were worn suspended by a cord. The thin, grooved object at the center top row is a stone abrader. The claw-shaped…

Virginia Indians continued to manufacture and use pipes and other items made from traditional materials during the colonial contact period. This stone pipe was found at an early seventeenth century site in Roanoke County in the Blue Ridge. It…

These artifacts were found at an Early Historic village site in Montgomery County, southwestern Virginia. They include a stone celt and polished stone gaming discs, used as talliers or “counters” in a variety of games. Celts were polished…

This incised bone knife handle was manufactured by Europeans. It was traded to Virginia Indians and eventually was discarded at a site in Roanoke County in the Blue Ridge region. Virginia Indians used trade goods to navigate relationships with…

Copper items like these one were made by Virginia Indians with Native ore or obtained through trade exchanges with colonists. Native copper was been valued by Indian people for centuries before the colonists arrived. This is one reason why sheet…