Browse Items tagged "Late Woodland" (137 total)

This clay pipe bowls was found at a site in Caroline County on the northern Coastal Plain. It dates to the Early Historic period and features an incised design. Virginia Indians manufactured and used clay smoking pipes beginning in the Early Woodland…

This pipe bowl was found at a Late Woodland and Early Historic period site in Montgomery County, southwestern Virginia. It features a unique incised design of a human figure. Virginia Indians manufactured and used clay pipes beginning in the Early…

These ceramic sherds were found at an Early Historic period site in Roanoke County in the Blue Ridge. They have been decorated by pressing a simple stamp into the wet clay before firing. Virginia Indians continued to produce and use traditional…

These artifacts were found at an Early Historic site in Tazewell County, southwestern Virginia. They include a ground stone tool, bone tools, a stone discoidal or gaming piece, and metal of European origin. Virginia Indians manufactured and used…

Virginia Indians continued to manufacture and use pipes and other items made from traditional materials during the colonial contact period. This stone pipe was found at an early seventeenth century site in Roanoke County in the Blue Ridge. It…

These artifacts were found at an Early Historic village site in Montgomery County, southwestern Virginia. They include a stone celt and polished stone gaming discs, used as talliers or “counters” in a variety of games. Celts were polished…

These shell disc beads come from an Early Historic period site in Roanoke County in the Blue Ridge region of west-central Virginia. Shell beads were traded extensively throughout Virginia since the Late Archaic period. When Europeans arrived in…

These bone beads are made from the phalanges (wingtip bones) of turkeys. Virginia Indians produced many of these beads during the Late Archaic period. These two were found at an Early Historic site in Montgomery County, southwestern Virginia. Beads…

This turtle shell was found at a Late Woodland site in Montgomery County, southwestern Virginia. It has been carefully cut, polished, and smoothed around the rim and interior to produce a bowl or cup. Turtle shells were commonly used for this…

This rare artifact was found at a Late Woodland site in Montgomery County, southwestern Virginia. It is a quartz knife hafted to a bone handle. This artifact shows how Virginia Indians combined different materials from the environment around them…