Browse Items tagged "crafts" (77 total)

These iron agricultural tools, including hoes and a shovel, were found at a site in York County on the southern Coastal Plain. Virginia Indians manufactured and used tools made from traditional materials alongside those that they obtained from…

This iron adze was found at a site in Prince George County on the Coastal Plain. It was a woodworking tool that was hafted to a wooden handle, and was traded to Virginian Indians by colonists. Virginia Indians manufactured and used tools made from…

This pipe bowl was found at a Late Woodland and Early Historic period site in Montgomery County, southwestern Virginia. It features a unique incised design of a human figure. Virginia Indians manufactured and used clay pipes beginning in the Early…

These delicate bone weaving tools were used during the Late Woodland period at a site in Montgomery County, southwestern Virginia. Included are several needles used for sewing as well as weaving.

These assorted bone tools were found at a Late Woodland site in Montgomery County, southwestern Virginia. They include awls, hairpins, a beamer (top), a turtle shell cup or bowl, fish hooks, a needle and other hideworking tools, and a knife made…

This bone beamer was found at a Late Woodland site in Montgomery County in southwestern Virginia. Beamers were made by cutting a groove into a long bone to produce two sharp, parallel edges. The tool was then used to scrape flesh and fat off of…

These broken stone effigy pipes or ornaments are carved to represent turtles. An effigy is an object made to represent the form of something else, usually a person or animal. These unique artifacts probably date to the Late Woodland period and were…

These ground stone celts or adzes were found at a Late Woodland site in Halifax County in the southern Piedmont. Celts or adzes were produced by selecting a hard and dense stone, breaking it into the rough correct shape by percussion, and then…

These stone tools were found at a Late Woodland site in Halifax County in the southern Piedmont. They include a small ground stone celt or adze, a cone-shaped polished steatite object, winged drills, and triangular projectile points.

This grooved axe was found at a Late Woodland site in Tazewell County in southwestern Virginia. It is an example of ground stone technology, which first appeared during the Late Archaic period. This method of tool production involved pecking and…