Grooved Stone Axe

Geolocation

Title

Grooved Stone Axe

Description

This grooved axe was found at a Late Woodland site in Tazewell County in southwestern Virginia. It is an example of ground stone technology, which first appeared during the Late Archaic period. This method of tool production involved pecking and grinding the stone down to shape instead of chipping the stone away. Ground stone tools were often made from granite or greenstone metabasalt, and they were repaired by flaking. Once finished, the axe would have been hafted to a wooden handle, which decomposed over time. Archaeologists can use microscopes to see use-wear patterns on the edges of stone axes to tell what they were used for. Axes were usually used for chopping wood or other material. (Photo enhanced)

Date Created

500 B.C.E. - 1600 C.E.

Source

Virginia Department of Historic Resources, Richmond, VA

Format

Photograph

Physical Dimension

783 × 530

Coverage

Tazewell County