These artifacts were found at an Early Historic period site in Halifax County in the southern Piedmont. Most are stone pendants that were worn suspended by a cord. The thin, grooved object at the center top row is a stone abrader. The claw-shaped pendant at the center bottom is made from sheet copper, a European trade good. Virginia Indians manufactured and used ornaments made from traditional materials alongside those that they obtained from Europeans. Native copper was highly valued in Virginia Indian exchange systems throughout the Late Woodland period. This is one reason why European sheet copper became an important trade item for Virginia Indians during the seventeenth century.
900 - 1700 C.E.
Virginia Department of Historic Resources, Richmond, VA