Browse Exhibits tagged "colonialism" (2 total)
The Early Historic Period refers to the period between about 1600 and 1700 C.E., when many Virginia Indians came into contact with European colonists. In terms of material culture, this period was largely an extension of the Late Woodland period for Virginia Indian village communities, and people continued to produce and use objects and tools made from bone, stone, animal hide, shell, and wood. Some of these items were traded to colonists in exchange for European materials like copper, iron, and glass. These objects became part of Virginia Indian lifestyles and are found at many village archaeological sites from this time period.
John White was an English artist who in 1585 accompanied a failed colonizing expedition to Roanoke Island in present-day North Carolina and who, in 1587, served as governor of a second failed expedition, which came to be known as the Lost Colony. As an artist attached to the first group of colonists, White produced watercolor portraits of Virginia Indians and scenes of their lives and activities.
A briefe and true report of the new found land of Virginia, by Thomas Hariot, was the first book about North America to be produced by an Englishman who had actually visited the continent. Many of White's paintings were published, sometimes in altered form, by Theodor de Bry as etchings in Hariot's illustrated edition.
This exhibit demonstrates some ways in which primary sources that depict Virginia Indians were altered or manipulated to suit European tastes and purposes. Those sources remain important in helping us to understand the lives of Virginia Indians and how they were seen by Europeans.
Small, polished marine shells configured in the shape of discs, animals (probably a deer and a cougar), and a human figure are sewn onto this seventeenth-century Virginia Indian cloak. The artifact, in the collection of the Ashmolean Museum in Oxford, England, was described in a 1656 catalogue as being "Pohatan (sic), King ofVirginia'shabit all embroidered with shells, or Roanoke." Whether this…