Browse Items (204 total)

  • Tags: archaeology

44SH0002_Fea12_antler_headdress.tif
Archaeologists have recovered whole or fragmentary antler sets from several sites in northwestern Virginia. Cut marks at the base, where portions of the skull bone are often still attached, as well as the lack of use wear on the tips, suggests that…

44OR_Speiden_antler_tool_repro.jpg
This photo shows a replica of a deer antler tool found at a site in Orange County in the northern Piedmont. The tool was used to create or repair stone tools by pressure flaking, a method in which a pointed object was used to detach small flakes…

44HA0065_William_Allgood_antler_pick_general.jpg
This artifact was found at a late Woodland site in Halifax County in the southern Piedmont. It is a large section of antler that appears to have been used as a pick. The cut-and-pointed short prong shows considerable use wear and polish. (Photo…

44MY0003_F.296_antler_point.jpg
This sharpened antler projectile point was found at a Late Woodland site in Montgomery County, southwestern Virginia. Bone or antler projectile points were sometimes advantageous over stone ones because they were far lighter. The tips of deer…

44HR0006_archaic_points.jpg
Because archaeologists have been able to organize stone projectile point types into the order in which each type was used, they can often use the points found at a site as information to date that site. This is called relative dating, and is used…

44HR0003_archaic_points.jpg
Because archaeologists have been able to organize stone projectile point types into the order in which each type was used, they can often use stone points to date sites at which they were found. This is called relative dating, and is used when an…

44MY0003_bone_tools_assortment.jpg
These assorted bone tools were found at a Late Woodland site in Montgomery County, southwestern Virginia. They include awls, hairpins, a beamer (top), a turtle shell cup or bowl, fish hooks, a needle and other hideworking tools, and a knife made…

44MY0003_F673A_F576A_F487A_F588A_F576A_copper_beads.jpg
These copper beads of various shapes were found at an Early Historic period site in Montgomery County, southwestern Virginia. Native copper was an important prestige material for centuries before colonists arrived in Virginia. When Europeans…

44HA0065_John_Wells_small_pot_general.jpg
This small ceramic vessel was found at a Late Woodland site in Halifax County in the southern Piedmont. It was impressed with coarse fabric, basketry, or a mat on the outside surface for decoration. Ceramic impressions allow archaeologists to study…

44RN0039_beads_glass_shell_bone,_copper.jpg
These artifacts come from an Early Historic period site in Roanoke County in the Blue Ridge region of west-central Virginia. They include sheet copper trade goods of European origin, and beads that could be made either of shell or white glass. …
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