Browse Items (204 total)

  • Tags: archaeology

Werowocomoco Unearthed.mp3
When Robert and Lynn Ripley purchased a 300-acre farm in Gloucester County, they knew that archaeologists suspected it was once the home of Powhatan, the Indian chief who reigned when the first English settlers moved into Virginia. Researchers…

44RN0021_shell_beads_modern_shell.jpg
These cylindrical shell beads were found at a Late Woodland site in Roanoke County in the Blue Ridge region of west-central Virginia. They were made from purple-and-white Quahog clam shells like the one below them. Shell beads with this purple…

Annual_report_of_the_BAE_pg_124.jpeg
Archaeologists know that steatite, or soapstone, was an important material for people living in the Late Archaic period. This illustration shows some examples of unfinished soapstone bowls that were produced in the central Piedmont. Finished bowls…

44PG0302_EU2040_EU2095_local_pipe_bowls.jpg
These Chesapeake pipe bowls were found at a site in Prince George County on the southern Coastal Plain. Chesapeake pipes have characteristic rouletted decorations that were made by incising the the clay with tools that had rounded pin-like ends. The…

HCA135_17th_century_Kingsmill_pipe_bowls.jpg
These Chesapeake pipe bowls date to the Early Historic period. Chesapeake pipes have characteristic rouletted decorations that were made by incising the the clay with tools that had rounded pin-like ends. The designs often combined Virginia Indian…

44HR0003_bone_artifacts.jpg
These bone artifacts were found at a site in Henry County in the southern Piedmont region. Included are scraping and hideworking tools, like the beamer at the bottom center. A worked mandible, incisor teeth, and phalanx (toe bone) are present, as…

44HA0065_William_Allgood_turtle_carapace_bone_tools_general.jpg
Bone and shell artifacts do not often survive at Early Woodland sites due to long exposure in the highly acidic soil. However, it is likely that Early woodland people used bone and shell artifacts like these ones, found at a Late Woodland site in…

44MY0003_Turtle_Cup.jpg
This turtle shell was found at a Late Woodland site in Montgomery County, southwestern Virginia. It has been carefully cut, polished, and smoothed around the rim and interior to produce a bowl or cup. Turtle shells were commonly used for this…

44X0033_turlte_effigy_pipes_Coves_Halifax_County.jpg
These broken stone effigy pipes or ornaments are carved to represent turtles. An effigy is an object made to represent the form of something else, usually a person or animal. These unique artifacts probably date to the Late Woodland period and were…

44MY0003_turkey_wingtips.JPG
These bone beads are made from the phalanges (wingtip bones) of turkeys. Virginia Indians produced many of these beads during the Late Archaic period. These two were found at an Early Historic site in Montgomery County, southwestern Virginia. Beads…
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