Browse Items (55 total)

  • Tags: trade

1906,0509.1.13.jpg
An Indian mother, carrying a water gourd, and her child, carrying what appears to be an English doll, pose in this watercolor by John White, the English artist who in 1585 accompanied a failed colonizing expedition to Roanoke Island in present-day…

44MY0003_F576A_marginella.jpg
These shell beads were found at an Early Historic period site in Montgomery County in Southwestern Virginia. They are made from the Marginella genus of marine molluscs. Shell beads were valuable in Virginia Indian exchange systems long before the…

E141B91-p10NobilisMatronaVIII.jpg
A wife of an Indianweroance, or chief, carries a gourd while her eight-to-ten-year-old daughter waves a European rattle and holds a well-dressed doll in this colored engraving by Theodor de Bry based on a watercolor painting by John White. Adding…

44MY0003_F673A_F576A_F487A_F588A_F576A_copper_beads.jpg
These copper beads of various shapes were found at an Early Historic period site in Montgomery County, southwestern Virginia. Native copper was an important prestige material for centuries before colonists arrived in Virginia. When Europeans…

44RN0039_beads_glass_shell_bone,_copper.jpg
These artifacts come from an Early Historic period site in Roanoke County in the Blue Ridge region of west-central Virginia. They include sheet copper trade goods of European origin, and beads that could be made either of shell or white glass. …

44MY0003_F707_F233A_brumbler_bell_&_button_backs.jpg
These button backs and bell were found at an Early Historic period village site in Montgomery County, southwestern Virginia. Virginia Indians had long valued items made from native copper. When Europeans arrived, they traded metal goods with…

44CE0003_311a128_brass_buckle.jpg
This brass buckle was found at a Virginia Indian village site in Caroline County on the northern Coastal Plain. It was manufactured by Europeans and traded to Virginia Indians during the early seventeenth century. Clothing and metal objects were…

44CE0003_311a93_enamaled_brass_ornament.jpg
This enameled brass ornament is of European manufacture. It was found at an Early Historic period village site in Caroline County on the northern Coastal Plain. Copper ornaments had been valued in Virginia Indian exchange systems for centuries…

44CE0003_locally_made_pipe.jpg
This Chesapeake pipe bowl was found at a site in Caroline County on the northern Coastal Plain. Chesapeake pipes have characteristic rouletted decorations that were made by incising the the clay with tools that had rounded pin-like ends. The designs…

44WM0012_local_pipe_bowl.jpg
This Chesapeake pipe bowl was found at a site in Westmoreland County on the northern Coastal Plain. Chesapeake pipes have characteristic rouletted decorations that were made by incising the the clay with tools that had rounded pin-like ends. The…
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