Grooved Stone Axes

Dublin Core

Title

Grooved Stone Axes

Subject

Artifacts

Description

These grooved axes were collected from a site in Orange County in the northern Piedmont. They are examples of chipped and ground stone technology, the latter of which first appeared during the Late Archaic period but continued through the Early, Middle, and Late Woodland periods. This method of tool production involved pecking and grinding the stone down to shape instead of chipping the stone away. Ground stone tools were often made from granite or greenstone metabasalt, and they were repaired by flaking. Once finished, the axe would have been hafted to a wooden handle, which decomposed over time. Archaeologists can use microscopes to see use-wear patterns on the edges of stone axes to tell what they were used for.

Source

Bill Speiden

Date

1200 B.C.E. - 1600 C.E.

Format

.JPG, 1775 × 1191

Type

Image

Coverage

Orange County

Still Image Item Type Metadata

Original Format

Photograph

Physical Dimensions

4 x 6 "

Files

44OR_Speiden_axes.jpg

Citation

“Grooved Stone Axes,” Virginia Indian Archive, accessed August 19, 2022, https://virginiaindianarchive.org/items/show/376.

Output Formats