Bone tools are common Middle to Late Woodland finds at sites where the soil is not too acidic for bone to decay. Bone awls like this one from a site in King George County on the northern Coastal Plain were used to pierce holes for hideworking, create incised decoration on ceramics, or assist in basketweaving. Archaeologists suspect that bone tools started being more commonly used during the Middle Woodland period, although poor preservation conditions from earlier periods makes this hypothesis difficult to support.
Virginia Department of Historic Resources, Richmond, VA
500 B.C.E. - 1600 C.E.
.JPG, 647 × 517
King George County
Still Image Item Type Metadata
647 × 517
“Bone Awl,” Virginia Indian Archive, accessed September 16, 2021, https://virginiaindianarchive.org/items/show/460.